Financing mechanisms for locally-owned internet infrastructure

Man working with networking equipment

Photo by AirJaldi

Across the world, a growing number of community networks, municipal networks, and social enterprises are successfully connecting those who have historically been unserved or underserved by traditional internet service providers. This report analyzes the operating models and financing mechanisms that can support the success of these community connectivity providers (CCPs). It is designed to help those who build and fund broadband infrastructure to identify and support sustainable solutions that can expand connectivity and accelerate digital equity.

The report explores:

  • The state of global internet access and how community connectivity providers (CCPs) can expand broadband access
  • The economics and the unique challenges of operating CCPs
  • Options for ownership and operating models, with case studies of successful networks
  • Finance mechanisms to sustainably fund community connectivity providers
  • Recommendations for policymakers, funders, and network builders to support the ecosystem

Interactive report highlights:

Executive Summary

What is a community connectivity provider?

Choosing an ownership model

Financing a CCP


This report was created in partnership between the Association for Progressive Communications (APC), Connect Humanity, Connectivity Capital, and the Internet Society. UK Aid also provided sponsorship.

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